The information stated below should be used as a guideline to reduce injuries associated with gemstone equipment. However, it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater gemstone safety.
What is a Public Gemstone 토토사이트?
A public gemstone refers to one designed to be taken by children ages a few months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family houses, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.
Information in this article:
General gemstone safety considerations
Gemstone materials and appearance
Identifying specific gemstone hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a gemstone and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to reduce random falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when showing off your gemstone:
Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to the apparatus for children with problems.
Age Splitting up: Areas for different age brackets should be separated by a stream zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.
Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age brackets. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Keep an eye on age group which will be using the gemstone and buy accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: The gemstone should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place golf swings and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. 35mm slides should not be put in a stuffed area.
View Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the gemstone. Benches placed around the outside the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch the kids.
Signage and/or Labels: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance for the age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.
Direction: Make sure the manager recognizes the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a gemstone, there are a few factors that are important to consider:
Travel patterns to and from the gemstone: Any kind of hazards in how? If so, clear the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep inclines, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby risk to safety? If so, provide a means to contain children within the gemstone (fence, hedge). Remember that the fencing or hedge should still allow remark by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, 35mm slides, platforms, steps or appearance enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to the sun’s rays during the most intense the main day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is in the shade. Provide safety measures that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider covering the gemstone with a shade structure.
Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a gemstone, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a gemstone installer. Be sure you keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all assessments and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the apparatus before the first use, including the hardware.
Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone rods, etc) and coatings that have pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Water piping Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, botox cosmetic injections is no longer safe it is recognized to corrode certain materials faster than others.
Don’t use bare metal for platforms, 35mm slides or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic sprayed metal, plastic or wood. Within the gemstone with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic sprayed metal, consider:
Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot enjoy, breathe in or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of additive chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should fulfill the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and rust.
Things to check regarding hardware:
All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be completely removable without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against unintended or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no hole or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper gemstone surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the gemstone equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to become softer the impact of a child’s fall. Your lawn and dirt are not recommended for appearance material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of appearance material: unitary and loose-fill.
Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested plastic rugs or a pour-in-place energy ingesting material. These kinds of appearance options are perfect for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.
CCA treated wood mulch, tiny rocks or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.
Loose fill materials will decrease at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill making use zone with an increase of than the recommended fill level. For example, if the gemstone will require 9 in . of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 in ..
Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, made wood fiber, etc.
Pea tiny rocks
Shredded/recycled plastic mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
When choosing gemstone equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and levels of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are made to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a gemstone for a school or public park, you should check your state guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the gemstone.
Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, dogging checkpoints, giant strides, climbing rules that are not secured at both ends, string golf swings or heavy metal and rock golf swings. Equipment such as platforms, arrived platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and way to access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age brackets (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.
It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Be sure you provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will feel safe using the equipment.
There are 6 main kinds of gemstone hazards:
Smash and Shear Points: Smash and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative to one another, in order to a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a smash or shear point, consider: the chance a child can get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.
Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other chest muscles clothing can become entangled in gemstone equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any rules, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to gemstone equipment avoiding equipment with rules that are not secured at both ends. Projections on gemstone equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor if he or she be large enough to impale.
Entrapment: Head entrapment can happen feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment risk to safety if the distance between any interior opposition surfaces is greater than 3. 5 in . and less than 9 in .. Children can become entrapped by somewhat bound openings, such as those formed by two or more gemstone parts. To reduce entrapment hazards of arrived platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between arrived platforms.
Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are round and all metal edges are thrown or have round capping.
Stopped Hazards: Stopped components should be placed away from high traffic areas, vibrant colored and may not hook back on themselves.
Tripping: Playgrounds should reduce any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in level, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill appearance.
All gemstone areas should be scrutinized for excessive wear, damage and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough assessments will depend on what kind and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill appearance level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it ought to be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When examining loose-fill appearance materials, pay particular awareness of areas under golf swings and at slide making a profit, pooled water on mulch appearance and areas of frozen appearance.
Records of the following should always be stored:
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A arrived platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so your child can temporarily stop and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.
Guardrails and protective barriers are used to reduce the possibilities of random falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling extraordinary and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will restrict the intended use of the apparatus, such as climbing equipment.
Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:
There are several considerations when choosing the perfect gemstone for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children am and from the gemstone, to name any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the brand of view of those supervising the kids at play.